2011 BS Environmental Policy and Planning; German; University of Wisconsin – Green Bay
2013 MA in German; University of Wisconsin – Madison
2017 PhD in German Linguistics; University of Wisconsin – Madison
2018 Adjunct Professor in German; Luther College, Decorah, IA
2018-2019 Visiting Instructor of German; Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania, Bloomsburg, PA
07.2019-12.2021 Forschungsstipendiatin der Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung an der EUF und FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg
seit 2022
  • Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Friesischen Seminar der Europa-Universität Flensburg
  • Wissenschaftliche Koordinatorin am Interdisciplinary Centre for European Studies (ICES)
  • Antragsmanagerin im Forschungsreferat des Präsidiums
  • In review. Samantha M. Litty & Joseph Salmons. Segmental Phenomena in Germanic: Consonants. In Sebastian Kürschner & Antje Dammel (eds.), Oxford Encyclopedia of Germanic Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • In review. Language dominance in Wisconsin German and English Varieties: Voice Onset Time and Final Obstruent Neutralization, 1863-2013. In Israel Sanz-Sanchez (ed.), Language acquisition across the lifespan and language change: Applications in historical sociolinguistics. Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • In review. Samantha M. Litty & Joshua Bousquette. Natürlich waren ihre Herzen in Deutschland: Recollections of language shift and the transition towards postvernacular Wisconsin Heritage German. In Anita Auer, Joshua R. Brown, & Angela Hoffman (eds.), Historical Sociolinguistic Studies of Language Islands in the Americas: Tracing the Development from Heritage Languages to Postvernacularity. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.
  • Forthcoming. The German-language Press in South Dakota. In Jon K. Lauck (ed.), South Dakota History: Old Trails and New Roads. Sioux Falls, South Dakota: Center for Western Studies Press.
  • Forthcoming. Newspaper advertisements as an indicator of verticalization: A case study of the Eureka Post. In Elizabeth Peterson & Eeva Sippola (eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 12th Annual Workshop on Immigrant Languages in the Americas (WILA 12. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project. 4,000 words.
  • Forthcoming. The German Midwest. In Jon Lauck (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Midwestern History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 8,000 words.
  • 2022. Historical Sociolinguistic Contexts: Networks and feature availability in 19th century German letter collections. In Kelly Biers & Joshua R. Brown (eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 11th Annual Workshop on Immigrant Languages in the Americas (WILA 11), 40-47. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project. www.lingref.com, document #3605.
  • 2019d. Angela Bagwell, Samantha Litty & Mike Olson. Wisconsin immigrant letters: German influence and imposition on Wisconsin English. In Raymond Hickey (ed.), Keeping in Touch. Familiar Letters across the English-speaking World. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 
  • 2019c. Samantha Litty. Letters home: German-American Civil War soldiers’ letters 1864-1865. In Joshua R. Brown (ed.), Heritage language ego-documents: From home, from away, and from below. Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics. Berlin: De Gruyter. 
  • 2019b. Samantha Litty & Joseph Salmons. Trajectories and Heritage. In Kristine Horner and Jennifer Dailey-O’Cain (eds.), Multilingualism and (Im)mobilities: Language, Power, Agency. Multilingual Matters. 
  • 2019a. Samantha Litty, Jennifer Mercer & Joseph Salmons. Early Immigrant English: Midwestern English before the dust settled. Processes of Change in English: Studies in Late Modern and Present-Day English, ed. by Sandra Jansen, Markus Huber & Lucia Siebers, 115-137. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 
  • 2017. A turn of the century courtship: Obstruent variation in personal letters in the Upper Midwest. Sociolinguistica. 31(1). 91-108. 
  • 2016. Samantha Litty, David Natvig, Jessica Funtanilla, Hunter Lockwood, James Maedke, Christopher Tabisz & Joseph Salmons. Anything goes: Extreme Polysemy in Lexical-Semantic Change. American Speech. 91(2). 139-165. 
  • 2015. Samantha Litty, Christine Evans & Joseph Salmons. Gray Zones: The fluidity of Wisconsin German language and identification. In Peter Rosenberg (ed.), Linguistic construction of ethnic borders. 183-205. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.

Invited Talks

  • 2022b. Historische Mehrsprachigkeit in der deutsch-dänischen Grenzregion. Praktiken der Mehrsprachigkeit im Schwedischen Reich (1611-1721): Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf die Rolle des Deutschen. Humboldt Kolleg. Uppsala Universitet.
  • 2022a. Visibilizing the daily life of speakers: A study of historical multilingualism in the German-Danish border region. ICES Research Colloquium. Interdisciplinary Center for European Studies. Europa-Universität Flensburg.
  • 2021. Visibilizing historical multilingualism: Feature variation in Standard German personal letters from the 19th century. Guest seminar. Center for Multilingualism in Society across the Lifespan. University of Oslo.
  • 2020. Deutsch-sprachige Immigranten im 19. Jahrhundert in den USA. Migration in Schleswig-Holstein - Mobilität von der Urzeit bis heute. Akademie Sankelmark.
  • 2019. Schaumtorte, Cheese, and Cherry Pie: Food in Wisconsin German-speaking Communities. Kleine und regionale Sprachen (KURS) Kolloquium. Europa Universität Flensburg. September 25. 
  • 2019. How the past can inform the present: Historical sociolinguistics and German varieties in the American Midwest & beyond. Spring Lecture Series. Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures. Pennsylvania State University – State College. April 17. 
  • 2018. Samantha Litty & Joseph Salmons. German in Wisconsin: The 50-year update. The German Language in (North) America Revisited. University of Texas – Austin. October 18-20, 2018.

Conference Presentations

  • 2022b. Jan Momme Penning, Ilka Thomsen & Samantha M. Litty. Multilingual practices in semi-formal 19th-century writing: The case of a North Frisian country inn. Historical Sociolinguistics Network (HiSoN) Conference 2022. Universidad de Murcia.
  • 2022a. Language dominance in Wisconsin German and English Varieties: Voice Onset Time and Final Obstruent Neutralization, 1863-2013. Historical Sociolinguistics Network (HiSoN) Conference 2022. Universidad de Murcia.
  • 2021. German-Language Press in South Dakota. Twelfth Annual Workshop on Immigrant Languages in the Americas (WILA12). University of Helsinki.
  • 2020b. Joshua Bousquette & Samantha Litty. Natürlich waren ihre Herzen in Deutschland: Preliminary post-vernacular analyses of Wisconsin Heritage German. Eleventh Annual Workshop on Immigrant Languages in the Americas (WILA11). University of North Carolina – Asheville.
  • 2020a. Historical Sociolinguistic Contexts: Documenting Networks of German-American Letter Collections. Eleventh Annual Workshop on Immigrant Languages in the Americas (WILA11). University of North Carolina – Asheville.
  • 2019. Schaumtorte, Cheese, and Cherry Pie: Food in Wisconsin German-speaking Communities. Tenth Annual Workshop in Immigrant Languages in the Americas (WILA10). Østfold University College, Halden, Norway. October 10-12.
  • 2018. Wie ‘die Germentown boys’ im Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg ‘hell gerest’ haben: A sociolinguistic analysis of German-American Civil War soldiers' letters, 1864-1865. Ninth Annual Workshop in Immigrant Languages in the Americas (WILA9). University of Wisconsin – Eau Claire. October 25-27. 
  • 2018. Evans, Chistine & Samantha Litty. "Not the real German"? Folk perspectives on language and identityin Wisconsin Heritage German communities. 24th Annual Germanic Linguistics Annual Conference (GLAC). Penn State University, State College, Pennsylvania. May 11-12. 
  • 2017. Regional feature development in Wisconsin German and English varieties. Workshop: The Sociolinguistics of Bad Data. New Ways in Analyzing Variation (NWAV) 46. University of Wisconsin-Madison. November 2-5. 
  • 2017. Generational differences in Voice Onset Time and Final Obstruent Neutralization in Wisconsin German and English, 1863-2013. North American Research Network in Historical Sociolinguistics (NARNiHS). University of Kentucky. Lexington. July 21-23. 
  • 2017. Page, Barry Richard, Nora Hellmond, Hyoun-A Joo, Samantha Litty & Michael T. Putnam. Language attitudes and language use of recent Mennonite immigrants in Kansas. International Symposium on Bilingualism (ISB11). University of Limerick, Ireland. June 11-15. 
  • 2017. Immigrant languages old and new: Projects and policy in the Upper Midwest. Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Study (SASS 2017). Minneapolis, MN. May 11-13. 
  • 2016. Joo, Hyoun-A, Samantha Litty, B. Richard Page, Michael T. Putnam & Nora Vosburg. Changing patterns of language use among recent Mennonite immigrants in Kansas. Seventh Annual Workshop in Immigrant Languages in the Americas (WILA7). University of Georgia, Athens. October 27-29. 
  • 2016. Where’s the FON in that? The development of ‘final obstruent neutralization’ in Wisconsin German varieties. 22nd Annual Germanic Linguistics Annual Conference (GLAC). University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. May 20-21. 
  • 2015. Variation in word final obstruent neutralization in Wisconsin English. Sixth Annual Workshop on Immigrant Languages in the Americas (WILA6). Uppsala, Sweden. September 25. 
  • 2015. Flying under the radar: Variation in final obstruent neutralization in Wisconsin English. Managing Multilingualism. Societas Linguistica Europaea (SLE). 48th Annual Meeting. September 5. 
  • 2015. Samantha Litty & Joseph Salmons. Language and Cultural Heritage. WUN Workshop: Multilingualism and Mobility in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Sheffield, England. June. 
  • 2014. Variation in English VOT in Three Southern Wisconsin Counties. Mid-Continental Phonetics & Phonology Conference (MidPhon). University of Wisconsin-Madison. (Poster.) September. 
  • 2014. Mary Allison, Samantha Litty & Elizabeth Suetmeier. Phonemic merger in Early Modern Dutch urban dialects: [w] [v] [f] is going on here!? 20th Annual Germanic Linguistics Annual Conference (GLAC). Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. May. 
  • 2014. Stop. Hey, what’s that sound? Initial VOT in Wisconsin German and English. 20th Annual Germanic Linguistics Annual Conference (GLAC). Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. May. 
  • 2014. Christine Evans, Samantha Litty & Joseph Salmons. Linguistic consequences of ethnicity without groups. Aston University. Birmingham, England. January. 
  • 2013. Popular Music: Making it your own for the German classroom. Annual Convention of The American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL). Orlando, Florida. November. 
  • 2013. Christine Evans & Samantha Litty. Wir reden nicht so wie ihr tut [We don’t speak like you do]: Folk linguistic perspectives of Wisconsin Heritage German speakers. American Dialect Society-Midwest Regional Meeting. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. November. 
  • 2013. Time for /t/: VOT variation in three southern Wisconsin counties. American Dialect Society-Midwest Regional Meeting. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. November. 
  • 2013. Christine Evans, Samantha Litty & Joseph Salmons. Dialecticity over time: Register compression in Wisconsin Heritage German. 4th Workshop on Immigrant Languages in America (WILA4). Reykjavík, Iceland. September. 
  • 2013. Christine Evans, Samantha Litty & Joseph Salmons. Nothing but ‘gray zones’: The fluidity of Wisconsin German language and identification. Sprachliche Konstruktion sozialer Grenzen. Europa-Universität Viadrina. Frankfurt/Oder. September. 

Other presentations (Guest Lectures, Outreach presentations, etc.)

  • 2020c. Private Schriftlichkeit. Guest lecture, MA Kultur Sprache Medien: Sprachen im historischen Kontakt – Die Soziolinguistik eines Grenzlandes im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (Prof. Dr. Nils Langer). Europa Universität Flensburg.
  • 2020b. Soziolinguistische Kontexte: Netzwerke in Deutsch-Amerikanische Briefsammlungen. Reading Group Friesisch Digital Project Presentations. Friesisches Seminar, Institut für Sprache, Literatur und Medien. Europa Universität Flensburg.
  • 2020a. Deutsch im amerikanischen Mittleren Westen: Variation und Spracherhalt. Guest lecture, MA Friesisch Zertifizierung: Vst.-Nr. 333102c. Friesische Sprache und Kultur in der Diaspora (Instructor: Robert Kleih). Europa Universität Flensburg.
  • 2019b. Deutsche Sprachvariationen im Amerikanischen Mittleren Westen. Guest lecture, MA Linguistik: Modulnr. 54111: Sprachnorm und Variation (Dozent: Dr. Markus Schiegg). Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. November 21. 
  • 2019a. Deutsche Sprachvariationen im Amerikanischen Mittleren Westen. Guest lecture, MA Linguistik: Modulnr. 54111: Sprachnorm und Variation (Dozent: Dr. Markus Schiegg). Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. June 24. 
  • 2017b. Marcus Cederström, Matthew Greene, Ana Vanesa Hidalgo Del Rosario, Mirva Johnson, Samantha Litty, Laura Moquin, David Natvig, Joseph Salmons & Catherine Stafford. Heritage languages in Wisconsin. Outreach presentation. Belgium, WI. Funded by the Baldwin Wisconsin Idea Initiative. 
  • 2017a. Mirva Johnson & Samantha Litty. Heritage language fieldwork in Wisconsin. Guest lecture, Linguistics 237: Language and Immigration in Wisconsin. Madison, WI. April. 
  • 2016c. Samantha Litty. Connecting the past with the present via written and recorded sources: Methods. Guest lecture, Linguistics 303: Language, History, and Society/ German 758: Sound Change. Madison, WI. September. 
  • 2016b. Samantha Litty. Blitztorte, Bratwursts, and Cherry Pie: Interviews with Wisconsin Heritage German Speakers. Guest lecture, History 201: Who Makes Your Hamburgers?: Oral Histories of Food. Madison, WI. September. 
  • 2016a. Julia Anderle de Sylor & Samantha Litty. Wisconsin German Varieties: Planning Fieldwork and Projects. Guest lecture, German 270: Language and Immigration in Wisconsin. Madison, WI. February. 
  • 2015. Justin Court & Samantha Litty. Academic Journals: Diachronica and Monatshefte. German and Dutch Graduate Student Association Events. Madison, WI. November. 
  • 2015. Music for pronunciation. Pedagogical workshop for new teaching assistants. Sponsored by the Department of German at the University of Wisconsin – Madison. November 17. 
  • 2015. Traversing the gap: From historical sociolinguistics to sociophonetics in Wisconsin English and German Varieties. Presentation at Autumn School: Grenzgänger in Theorie und Praxis – Von der Permeabilität der Grenze zur Liminalität neuer Akteure und Räume? Europa-Universität Viadrina. Frankfurt/Oder. October. 
  • 2015. German & Dutch languages and cultures. Language Programs at SOAR: Academic Connections Resource Fair. Madison, WI. July. 
  • 2015. Dutch language and culture. In A is for Apfel, M is for Manzana, Я is for Яблоко: Language Workshop. College for Kids. Madison, WI. June. 
  • 2015. John Koller, Christine Evans, Samantha Litty & Alyson Sewell. Linguistic Interviewing Session. Video. Filmed by Julia Anderle de Sylor. Madison, WI. April. 
  • 2015. Dutch language and culture. Presentation. 3rd Annual Wisconsin Global Youth Summit. Madison, WI. February. 
  • 2015. Samantha Litty & Alyson Sewell. Heritage Language Fieldwork. Guest lecture, German 278: Language and Immigration in Wisconsin. Madison, WI. February. 
  • 2014. Popular Music: Making it your own for the German classroom. Pedagogical workshop for new teaching assistants. Sponsored by the Department of German at the University of Wisconsin – Madison. October 22. 
  • 2014. Alyson Sewell, Samantha Litty, Christine Evans & Lisa Yager. Language research on the move: A helical approach to documentation and research of Wisconsin German Varieties. Wisconsin Festival of Ideas. University of Wisconsin-Madison. April. 
  • 2014. Christine Evans & Samantha Litty. Wir reden nicht so wie ihr tut [We don’t speak like you do]: Folk linguistic perspectives of Wisconsin Heritage German speakers. Guest lecture, German 278: Language and Immigration in Wisconsin. Madison, WI. February. 
  • 2013. Samantha Litty & Alyson Sewell. Documenting Wisconsin German Varieties: Research on the history, culture and contemporary languages of German speakers in eastern Wisconsin. Outreach presentation for German Interest Group Janesville, WI. October. 
  • 2013. Samantha Litty & Alyson Sewell. Building Community Connections through Graduate Research. Wisconsin Idea Seminar. University of Wisconsin-Madison. April. 
  • 2013. Christine Evans, Samantha Litty & Alyson Sewell. A helical approach to conducting linguistic field research. Workshop on Language and Folklore in the Upper Midwest. University of Wisconsin-Madison. March.
  • Historischer Sprachkontakt in der deutsch-dänischen Grenzregion
  • Historische Soziolinguistik 
  • Herkunftssprachen und Feldforschung 
  • Deutsche Sprachvarietäten im amerikanischen "Midwest"