The domestic and foreign policy challenges facing German politics will immediately regain visibility after the corona crisis has ended. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict and its international repercussions is one of these challenges. Whatever diplomatic solutions are pursued in the future, they will only be sustainable in the context of a reconciliation process between Israelis and Palestinians. Without reconciliation there can be no peaceful coexistence, independently of the diplomatic schema. The future of Europe and Germany, however, is closely tied to the resolution of the Middle East conflict or the achievement of its prospective resolution, both domestically and internationally. The influx of refugees from the Middle East to Europe is a dramatic symptom of the overall crisis situation in the Middle East. Germany is already feeling the painful domestic repercussions of the refugee movement in general, and the intensification of the Palestinian conflict in particular: populist and xenophobic movements and parties are dividing and polarizing German society. And the hatred felt among members (especially younger members) of the population with family roots in the Middle East is a driving force behind the violence against Jews on German streets — violence that is only partially classifiable as "anti-Semitic".
Germany is particularly called upon to establish a trialogue aimed at long-term reconciliation. No other country has a broader experience in dealing with the past as basis for reconciliation, especially with reference to Israel.
Facultiy of Law & Social Sciences, EPOKA University
European Wasatia Graduate School fror Peace and Conflict Resolution
Funded by Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Tirana/Albanien